Chlamydia is a venereal type disease caused by a bacteria named Chlamydia trachomatis; Which affects both women and men. It is transmitted through sexual secretions such as sperm (semen), pre-ejaculatory fluid, and vaginal secretions.
In the case of women, the involvement can be carried out in the cervix, rectum or throat. Meanwhile, it is males producing the inside of the penis, rectum and throat.
The infection occurs during oral, vaginal, or anal sex with someone who has the infection. As it is a condition that does not present immediate symptoms, the patient can take weeks to detect it.
Chlamydia is more likely to occur in young people, particularly women. If chlamydia is not treated in time it has very serious consequences in the case of these, since it can cause infertility since it damages the uterus and the fallopian tubes, in addition to the urethra.
Symptoms in women are: thick vaginal discharge with a strong odor, burning on the urinal, pain during sexual intercourse and if the infection is severe, it can generate abdominal pain and fever. When it comes to males, they may have discharge from the penis, burning when urinating, itching and even inflammation of the testicles. If the disease is in the rectum, there may be bleeding and pain in both genders.
Its diagnosis requires various laboratory tests that are performed with urine tests; however, in the case of females, a cotton swab is sometimes used to obtain a sample directly from the vagina.
Pregnant women who have contracted this disease can pass it to the baby during delivery.
To prevent contagion, the use of condoms and latex mouth gaps is suggested. When detected early, treatment is with antibiotics such as doxycycline and ceftriaxone. However, they will not be able to reverse any damage that the disease has already caused.